In my talk I will define and discuss the concepts of languaging and poly-languaging (e.g. Jørgensen et al. 2011, Jørgensen & Møller 2014), and provide an insight into the research context where they were developed, particularly the two longitudinal studies, the Køge Project (Møller 2009, Jørgensen 2010) and the Everyday Languaging project (earlier referred to as the Amager-project, Madsen et al. 2013).
Languaging is the use of language by human beings, directed intentionally to other human beings. In the languaging perspective “a language” is viewed as a sociocultural construct believed to comprise a coherent and delimited set of linguistic features. “Speaking a language” therefore means using features associated with a given language – and only such features. Thereby “speaking a language” must be viewed as a normative choice rather than a nature-given way of communication. The necessity of this perspective on language becomes evident when dealing with interaction that involves a mix of linguistic resources usually associated with different “languages” – what we in our research-group refer to as poly-languaging (cf. García & Wei 2014 on translanguaging). In analyses of poly-languaging the relation between linguistic features and ‘languages’, as well as the relation between ‘languages’ and speakers, should be put forward as empirical questions rather than being taken for granted in analytical work on interaction. In my presentation I will discuss how this type of analysis practically can be carried out and what insights it may reveal.
García, Ofelia & Li Wei. 2014. Translanguaging, language, bilingualism and education. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Jørgensen, Jens Normann & Janus Spindler Møller. 2014. Polylingualism and languaging. In Constant Leung & Brian Street (eds.), The Routledge companion to English studies, 67-83. London: Routledge.
Jørgensen, Jens Normann, Martha Sif Karrebæk, Lian Malai Madsen & Janus Spindler Møller. 2011. Polylanguaging in superdiversity. In Jan Blommaert, Ben Rampton & Massimiliano Spotti (eds.), Language and superdiversities. [Special Issue]. Diversities 13(2). 23-37.
Jørgensen, Jens Normann. 2010. Languaging. Nine years of poly-lingual development of young Turkish-Danish grade school students, vol. I-II (Copenhagen Studies in Bilingualism, The Køge Series K15-K16). Copenhagen: University of Copenhagen.
Madsen, Lian Malai, Martha Sif Karrebæk & Janus Spindler Møller. 2013. The Amager project: The study of language and social life of minority children and youth. Tilburg Working Papers in Culture Studies 52
Møller, Janus Spindler. 2009. Poly-lingual interaction across childhood, youth and adulthood. Copenhagen: University of Copenhagen PhD dissertation.