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Séminaire - Plurilinguisme - Axe 2
Memet AKTÜRK-DRAKE (Independent researcher based in Brussels - Affiliated with Centre for Research on Bilingualism, Stockholm University)
The Salience and Dominance Model (Aktürk-Drake 2015) constitutes a more comprehensive approach to loanword phonology than previous ones in the literature. On the one hand, this is owing to the fact that the model combines insights from several disciplines such as phonetics, phonology, second-language acquisition, sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, language contact and language change. On the other, the model’s scope is greater as it aims to account for both the phonological adaptation (i.e. alterations to fit the receiving language) and adoption (i.e. preservation of original structures from the donor language) of loanwords. Applying the model to cases of bilingual borrowing and bilingually-mediated monolingual borrowing (Aktürk-Drake 2011, 2014 and under review), I argue that the most important factors in bilingual borrowing are the perceptual salience of the donor-language structure and the language dominance of the bilingual borrower/user who is doing the borrowing. In this talk I will examplify the model inter alia with data from borrowings in Turkish from such languages as Arabic, French, English and Swedish. Furthermore, I will compare my approach with Thomason’s (2001) well-known borrowing scale with regard to explaining contact-induced phonological change.
Official website: https://su-se.academia.edu/MemetAkt%C3%BCrkDrake