Archives de la recherche
Kutlay Yagmur (Tilburg University)
In this paper the identity construction of Turkish immigrants in different countries is examined on the basis of a large scale investigation. The availability of institutions and facilities for the maintenance of linguistic and cultural characteristics are especially important in the immigration context. First and second-generation immigrants experience language and cultural changes in different ways and rates. In order to document the extent of change in ethnic identity perceptions and sociolinguistic position of Turkish immigrants in five countries, a large scale research was conducted. We examined acculturation and language orientations among Turkish immigrants in the United States of America (n = 389), Australia (n = 283), France (n = 266), Germany (n = 265), and the Netherlands (n = 271). We expected that Turkish immigrants in the countries with the least pluralistic climate (France and Germany) would show the highest level of Turkish ethnic orientation and Turkish language use, while the opposite was expected in Australia (as the country with the most pluralistic climate) and the Netherlands and United States of America would have an intermediate position. The outcomes of language maintenance/shift and acculturation orientations of Turkish immigrants will be discussed from a sociolinguistic and cross-cultural perspective.