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Séminaire doctoral - Pratiques langagières - terrains, méthodes, théories
Scott F. Kiesling (University of Pittsburgh)
Stance and stancetaking are increasingly being used as explanatory concepts motivating linguistic behavior. Elinor Ochs argues in her classic 1992 article that stance is a mediating concept for gender identity, such that stances are consitutive of ideologically oriented-to genders. However, despite recent interest, there is still relatively little theoretical and methodological specification for understanding stance. In this talk, I argue for a three dimensional model of stance, in which the concept is defined in terms of relationships in talk, and is composed by the dimensions of affect, alignment, and investment. Affect is the speaker’s relationship to a stance focus in the talk, while alignment is the speaker’s relationship to other interlocutors. The third dimension – investment – is the intensity with which a speaker is committed to, or takes responsibility for, their talk, and is a crucial extra dimension to the first two that many models of stance do not include. Using data from the online forum Reddit and face to face talk, I show how this model allows us to have a robust vocabulary for discussing stance as it mediates talk and identity, as well as an opportunity to explore relationship among the dimensions. I further demonstrate how separate dimensions can be indexed with identities such as gender.
Ochs, E. (1992). Indexing Gender. In A. Duranti & C. Goodwin (Eds.), Rethinking Context (pp. 335–358). Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.