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Séminaire doctoral - Pratiques langagières - terrains, méthodes, théories
|Jannis Androutsopoulos, Universität Hamburg|
Multilingual practices online: issues of method and theory
Multilingualism in computer-mediated communication (CMC) has been a research topic since the mid-1990s, predominantly located in virtual communities of minority/migrant language speakers. With the progressive digitalization of communication during the last 20 years and the collapse of the former divide between online and ‘real life’, multilingual practices online have also become topical for a broader group of researchers interested in communicative processes surrounding contemporary migration and mobility, including the increasingly transmedia character of contemporary communicative practices. In this seminar I draw on various examples and case studies to examine three areas that have kept (sociolinguistics-based) researchers of multilingual CMC busy during the last 15 years. These are:
- Issues of method, especially ways to combine digital data (screen data) with practice observations and interviews with selected users (user data).
- Issues of coding and analysis of multilingual data, ranging from coding of language choice to analysis of multilingual interaction (languaging).
- Issues of how to relate online to offline language practices theoretically and analytically; This is a challenge inasmuch digital-written language has been tacitly viewed as direct continuation of spoken language practices, which, however, are usually not elicited by CMC researchers.
One aim of the seminar is to illustrate practice-based solutions to these issues; the other is to problematize received theoretical assumptions in the field. Drawing on the framework of networked multilingualism (Androutsopoulos 2015), I argue that the mediality and audience of networked interaction create specific conditions for language practices, which cannot be reduced to a straightforward ‘transcription’ of oral delivery. I also suggest that the study of multilingual practices online provides a test bed for the reach of sociolinguistic frameworks of multilingualism beyond face-to-face, spoken language interaction.
• Androutsopoulos, J. (2013). Online data collection. In: C. Mallinson, B. Childs / G.V. Herk (eds.) Data Collection in Sociolinguistics: Methods and Applications, 236-250. Routledge.
• Androutsopoulos, Jannis (2013) Code-switching in computer-mediated communication. In: S. C. Herring, D. Stein & T. Virtanen (eds) Pragmatics of Computer-mediated Communication, 667-694. Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter Mouton.
• Androutsopoulos , J. (2014) Moments of sharing: Entextualization and linguistic repertoires in social networking. Journal of Pragmatics 73 (2014) 4-18.
• Androutsopoulos, Jannis (2015) Networked multilingualism: Some language practices on Facebook and their implications. International Journal of Bilingualism, 19:2, 185-205.