Sedyl - Structure et Dynamique des Langues - UMR8202 - CELIA

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Séminaire doctoral - Description et typologie linguistique
Coordonné par C. Chamoreau et E. Palancar
Villejuif - Bât. D. - S. 511  10h00

Antônia Fernanda de Souza Nogueira (University of São Paulo & LABEX EFL grant/SeDyL)
Nominalization vs. subordination in Wayoro (Tupian stock)

This study aims to provide an analysis of the morphosyntax of nominalization vs. subordination in Wayoro, a Tupian language situated in the state of Rondônia (Brazil). I will show that constructions with the {-p} morpheme can be analyzed as: (i) an instrumental nominalization (if used with transitive verbs) or a locative nominalization (if used with intransitive verbs), as ndoa-p ‘hammock, place where lie down happens’ (nominalized VP); (ii) or as a subordinate clause.
Based on (excerpts of) texts and elicited data, I describe the morphosyntactic properties of verbs, such as the aspect morpheme {-rara~-ara} ‘repetitive’ (cf. e-ndo-rara (2SG-lie.down-REP) ‘lay down again!’); and the tense morpheme {-t~-n} ‘non-future’ (cf. en e-ndo-a-t nen (2SG 2SG-lie.dow-TH.V-NFUT INTER) ‘are you lying down?’). Then I will compare the characteristics identified with the morphosyntactic properties of constructions with {-p} morpheme. As a nominalized form, the intransitive verb ndoa ‘lie down’ can occur without the personal prefixes required by intransitive verbs, but cannot occur with sentential properties, as with the aspectual suffix ‘repetitive’. On the other hand, when this verb appears in a complement clause of the transitive verb toa ‘see’, as in [e-ndo-rara-p] toat on (2SG-lie.dow-REP-INF saw 1SG) ‘I saw you lie down again’, there is the possibility of clausal properties, such as the mentioned aspectual suffix repetitive. Also, in the subordinate clause, there are always personal prefixes, if the verb is intransitive. Nevertheless, the subordinate clause has no tense suffix and the NP/pronoun with which the intransitive verb agrees in independent clauses is absent.
The (matrix) sentential properties will be exemplified with the traditional narrative ũyã ‘the snail’ (recorded in 2010) and subordinate clauses will be exemplified with excerpts of the origin myth of the Wayoro people (recorded in 2008).